52. Principles and objectives of financial risk management

Risks related to financial instruments which the TAURON Group is exposed to, including a description of the exposure and the risk management method are presented in the table below.

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Risk exposure Risk management Regulation
Credit risk
Possible loss resulting from the
counterparty default on
contractual obligations. The
credit exposure involves a
default risk (the amount that
may be lost if a counterparty
defaults on its obligations for
goods or service) and a
replacement risk (the amount
that may be lost if a delivery is
not made or a service is not
Credit risk management is aimed at limiting losses resulting from the deterioration of the financial situation of the TAURON Group’s counterparties and mitigating the risk of credit exposures at risk of impairment. Commercial transactions of significant value are preceded by an assessment of the counterparty’s creditworthiness, including an economic and financial analysis of the entity. Based on the assessment, the counterparty is granted a credit limit, which is a limit on the maximum credit exposure understood as the amount that may be lost if the counterparty fails to meet its contractual obligations within a specified period of time (taking into account the value of the collateral provided). Credit exposure is calculated for the current day and divided into exposure due to payment and exposure of replacement.
The TAURON Group has a decentralised credit risk management system, which means that each risk owner is actively responsible for managing the credit risks that arise within their business scope, but control, monitoring and reporting is performed at the Company-wide level. The TAURON Group’s Credit Risk Management Policy sets out the credit risk management procedures for the entire Group with the view to reduce the impact of the risk on the Group’s strategic objectives. Based on the value of exposure and assessment of financial standing of each client, the value of credit risk to which the TAURON Group is exposed is calculated using statistical methods to determine value at risk based on the total loss probability distribution.
Credit risk
management policy
for the TAURON
Liquidity risk
Possible loss or limitation of the
ability to make payments on a
day-to-day basis due to an
inappropriate volume or
structure of liquid assets as
compared to current liabilities or
an insufficient level of the actual
net proceeds from operating
The liquidity situation of TAURON Capital Group is monitored on an on-going basis in terms of potential deviations against the assumed plans and the availability of external sources of financing whose amount significantly exceeds the expected
demand in a short term mitigates the risk of losing liquidity. To this end, the Company applies the rules of determining the liquidity position both of individual companies and the entire TAURON Group which helps ensure funds that would cover any potential liquidity gaps by allocating funds between companies cash-pooling) as well as using external financing. The Company also manages the financing risk, understood as no capability to obtain new funding, an increase in funding costs and the risk of terminating the existing funding agreements. To mitigate the financing risk, the Company’s policy assumes obtaining funding for the TAURON Group in advance of the planned time of use, i.e. up to 24 months prior to the planned demand. The key objective of the policy is to ensure flexible selection of funding source, use favourable market conditions and reduce the risk related to the necessity to contract new debt on adverse terms. finansowych.
finansową Grupy
Market risk – interest rate and currency risks
The possibility of an adverse
effect on the Group’s
performance through fluctuations in the fair value of
financial instruments or the
related future cash flows, driven
by changes in interest rates or
foreign exchange rates.
The TAURON Group manages currency and interest rate risks on the basis of the TAURON Group Financial Risk Management Policy developed and adopted for use, as well as the risk tolerance, the global limit for financial risk and its decomposition into individual types of financial risk approved by the Management Board. The key objective of such risk management is to minimise the cash flow sensitivity of the TAURON Group to financial risks and to minimize financial cost and costs of hedging with the use of derivative instruments. Wherever possible and commercially
viable, derivative instruments are used, whose nature allows for the application of hedge accounting. The financial risk management policy of the TAURON Group has also introduced hedge accounting principles which set out the terms and conditions and types of hedge accounting, along with the accounting treatment of hedging instruments and hedged items, to be applied as part of hedge accounting under IFRS.
Financial risk
policy for the TAURON Group
Market risk – price risk
Unplanned volatility of the
TAURON Group’s operating
result resulting from fluctuations
in commodity market prices in
individual areas of the TAURON
Group’s trading activities.
Effective management is ensured by a commercial risk management system linked in terms of organisation and information with the TAURON Group’s strategy of hedging trading positions. The policy has introduced an early-warning system and risk-exposure limiting system in various trading areas. The basic operational measure of the market risk in the TAURON Group is the Value at Risk measure which determines the maximum allowed change in the value of the position over a given time period and with a given probability. Commercial risk
policy for the

The notes below include the financial assets and liabilities of the subsidiary TAURON Ciepło Sp. z o.o. recognized by the Group as at the balance sheet date as assets classified as held for sale and liabilities related to these assets.